As a case in point, chub or “tinker” mackerel have also evolved as an essential prey species in the Mid-Atlantic, and were previously unmanaged. They are now significant as prey in our early-season yellowfin catches southeast of Virginia Beach, and their concentrations just inside or over the edge hold white marlin like Velcro during our summer fishery. Chub mackerel were unprotected but not historically subject to any significant directed fisheries. That changed in an instant in 2013, when large commercial trawlers directed on them during a period of low squid abundance, and landings went from insignificant quantities to more than 5 million pounds in a single year. That sudden spike in directed fishing occurred in the absence of any science, management plan, or consideration by the regional fishery council about the trade-offs and risks to existing fisheries associated with a new, unmanaged fishery for an important forage species.