Navigating Dangerous Inlets | 12 Tips from Expert Captains | Sport Fishing Magazine

How to Safely Run Ocean Inlets

12 tips for running dicey ocean inlets

Inlets deserve respect when seas and tides are raging.

Running Dangerous Inlets

The most treacherous seas can occur as you leave or return to port.

Scott Kerrigan / aquapaprazzi.com

From the shifting Outer Banks of North Carolina to the tempestuous coast of the Pacific Northwest, boating anglers regularly face potentially hazardous inlets. Entrances such as those at Florida’s Boynton and St. Lucie inlets, Oregon’s Columbia River bar, California’s Golden Gate, and North Carolina’s Oregon Inlet host some of the world’s most challenging sea conditions.

A combination of ­factors can turn inlets nasty in a hurry, says Bill Cordes, director of sales and marketing for Opa Locka, Florida-based Invincible Boats. Cordes has run inlets all of his adult life, and witnessed breakers so tall you couldn’t see over the top.

“A powerful outgoing tide streaming through a narrow channel and a strong onshore wind tend to pile up steep seas,” Cordes explains. “Combine these two factors with shoaling, and you have big, breaking waves at the inlet, resulting in very ­dangerous conditions.”

Cordes and others offer the following tips for staying safe when running an inlet, with special advice for tackling entrances that are new to you.

Power can equal safety when running dangerous inlets.

Over the Bar

Having plenty of reserve power ranks as one of the most critical requirements when running a potentially dangerous inlet.

Courtesy Invincible Boats

1. Tap Local Knowledge

If you don’t know the inlet, ask local captains in advance for advice, says Cordes. “Reaching out to a local charter captain or commercial fisherman is a good idea,” he explains. “It’s entirely OK to ask if you can follow them out, as they know the best line through the entrance, which can change often from shifting sandbars.” You might even hire a guide with a strong knowledge of the inlet to show you the way, Cordes suggests. In either case, use your chart plotter to record the track taken through the inlet so you can retrace the path a day or two later. Keep in mind, however, that the safest course through an inlet can change. Don’t assume that the track you use today will still be safe a month from now.

Breaking waves can swamp a boat.

Watch the Waves

The combination of a strong outgoing tide funneling through a narrow inlet, onshore winds, and shoal areas often results in large, breaking waves.

Jerry White

2. Know the Conditions

Stay posted on the latest weather conditions and tides, not only for your departure time, but also for your return, as knowing when to cross is just as important as knowing where to cross. “A strong outgoing tide is always cause for concern,” says Chad Normoyle, a Shimano/​G.Loomis pro staffer who often crosses the infamous Columbia River bar to fish for albacore off Oregon and Washington. “You might get out OK, but if you time the return poorly, your boat’s safety might be in jeopardy.”

3. Don't be in a Hurry

Whether heading out or in, take some time to study the inlet before making your run, especially if you are unfamiliar with the bar, says Todd Leggett, product engineering prototype supervisor for Grady-White Boats in Greenville, North Carolina. He suggests studying the cycles of waves at the bar; there’s a rhythm to them. “You want to cross when the waves are smaller,” he advises. You can also check out the inlet the day before, perhaps making a trial run in and out, laying down a track on your chart plotter to record the best line over the bar.

Some days it's better to stay in port.

Make Sure You Have the Right Boat

Running a raging inlet with an inappropriately small boat or choosing the wrong path over a bar can result in catastrophe.

Jason Arnold / jasonarnoldphoto.com

4. Run the Right Boat

Make sure your boat has sufficient size, buoyancy and seakeeping ability, Cordes advises. “The last thing you want is a boat that doesn’t track well in a following sea, or tends to stuff the bow into a head sea, or is overwhelmed by the waves,” he says. The boat should also ride relatively level at low speeds. “If the boat has a lot of bow rise, it’s difficult to see the waves, buoys, jetties and other objects in front of you, impairing your ability to navigate the inlet safely,” Cordes says. “Know the capabilities and limitations of your boat.”

5. Run the Boat Right

Look for the area of the bar or inlet that has the smallest waves. This is usually the area with the deepest water. When returning in a big following sea, keep the boat straight and on the backside of a wave, experts suggest. Match the wave’s speed, trying to stay midway between the crest behind you and the one ahead. Avoid overtaking the wave and surfing down its face, as this can lead to catastrophic pitchpoling (flipping stern over bow) or broaching (capsizing as the boat turns sideways toward a breaking wave). By the same token, apply enough power to keep ahead of the wave astern and prevent it from overtaking you. Adjust your throttles to stay in the trough until you have passed the danger zone.

Catastrophe can strike suddenly

A Nasty Inlet Can Ruin Your Day

Though your crew might object, some days it’s prudent to cancel the trip in order to avoid catastrophes such as this.

Jason Arnold / jasonarnoldphoto.com

6. Have Plenty of Power

Safely running a raging inlet requires that you have immediate reserve power to maneuver out of harm’s way. “You might not always need the extra power, but having extra horsepower relative to your boat size can help keep you safe,” says Cordes. For example, when trying to stay ahead of a breaking wave, a punch of the throttle keeps you in position. Few things are more dreadful than having an underpowered boat in a raging inlet, whether trying to climb up the face of a wave or hoping to outrun it.

7. Don’t Go at Night

Running an inlet proves exponentially more difficult and dangerous when you can’t see. “A lot of guys like to head offshore before daylight to fish for tuna, and that means crossing the bar in the dark,” says Normoyle. “Every year there are accidents as a result.” So Normoyle’s advice is to wait until daylight to head out, and to return early enough to cross back over before sundown. The same advice applies when there’s heavy fog or torrential rain.

Make sure your boat can handle big waves.

Powering Through the Waves

Having a capable hull and enough power to handle big waves is critical to safely negotiating dangerous inlets.

Capt. Antonio "Tuba" Amaral

8. Wait a Few Hours

Sometimes, waiting just a few hours for a slack tide can make the difference between a calm crossing and a calamitous one. “Even though the wind might be blowing, the lack of an outgoing tide can render the inlet more manageable,” Cordes points out. So if the inlet is too rough, consider waiting out the tides, whether you’re heading out in the morning or coming back in the afternoon. Another option is to chart a course or trailer your boat to another, more user-friendly inlet.

Observed the seas before you tackle an inlet.

Pick the Calmest Path

Breaking waves and white water indicate shoal areas to avoid. Aim for the calmer water and smaller swells when running an inlet.

Scott Kerrigan / aquapaprazzi.com

9. Wear Life Jackets

No matter what the conditions, if they’re not already doing so, instruct your crew to don life jackets when running an inlet. “It’s always a good idea to ask them to stay seated with their life jackets on,” says Cordes. Get all crew members out of the cabin or other enclosure, as the buoyancy of their life jackets might prevent escape should the boat capsize. If, as the helmsman, you must remain in an enclosed space, such as a pilothouse, wear a manually inflatable life jacket.

10. Wear PLBs

On days when things appear dicey, make sure crew are wearing PLBs (personal locator beacons) on their life jackets. Also be ready to deploy the EPIRB (emergency position-indicating radio beacon) in an emergency to assist first responders in rescue efforts.

The Coast Guard uses special rollover craft to rescue boats that fall victim to this infamous Pacific inlet.

Bar Fight

Waves sweeping across Oregon’s Columbia River bar grow to immense sizes. The Coast Guard uses special rollover craft to rescue boats that fall victim to this infamous Pacific inlet.

Courtesy U.S. Coast Guard / photo by Petty Officer 1st Class Jamie Thielen

11. Notify Authorities

Radio the Coast Guard or harbor patrol ahead of time if you are experiencing any kind of engine problems or other issues that might impair your boat’s ability to safely return through the inlet. They might choose to stand by inside the inlet to quickly lend ­assistance in the event of an emergency.

12. Don’t Go

Some days, when the inlet is raging, you need to let prudence prevail. “Don’t be afraid to err on the side of caution and cancel a trip,” says Cordes. “Your crew might be disappointed, but as the captain, it’s your job to make sure everyone stays safe to fish another day.”

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