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April 08, 2013

North of Cape Sable

As Florida Keys Guides Extend Their Range, Anglers Are Exploring Pristine Backcountry Fishing

The big Yamaha outboard pushed Capt. Jim Wilcox’s classic 1988 18-foot Action Craft bay boat farther and farther into the mangrove jungle. We were nearing the end of a mesmerizing journey, now following ever-narrowing channels through the densest mangroves.

At times, Wilcox had to stop in the most overgrown creeks, and we forced the boat through with a combination of poling and pulling. Our efforts were rewarded when we eventually emerged into a tranquil, hidden lagoon.


The waters were clear back here and lit by the sun shining down from a cloudless sky — conditions perfect for sight-fishing. We spotted the humped bow waves of cruising reds pushing across a flat and occasionally the seductive sight of a waving tail. And we soon discovered that almost any well‑placed cast would result in a solid hookup.
It seemed wonderfully obvious that many areas like this, fished very little indeed, awaited us.


Milky Florida Bay

flats fisherman boat


Rewind to earlier that day, as I sat in the predawn blackness savoring my morning coffee, listening to the wind rattling through the outrigger halyards of the sport-fishing fleet lining the dock at Bud N’ Mary’s Marina in Islamorada. Sure, we would be going fishing, just as we had the previous three days, but once again our options would be severely limited; those strong April winds had roiled the shallows and channels of Florida Bay to the consistency of milk.
Soon, a truck pulled up outside. Wilcox strolled into the marina’s deli, poured himself a coffee and sat down across from me. Wilcox is one of many stellar backcountry guides who berth their bay boats and skiffs at Bud N’ Mary’s.
As he took a thoughtful slug from the steaming mug, Wilcox said: “Dave, you interested in trying something different today? How about a day fishing for reds and snook — in clear water? I’ve been discussing our options with Bill Bassett” — our group’s other backcountry guide — “and we want to try an area up in the Everglades, north of Cape Sable. It’ll be a long run, but I was there last week, and the fishing was awesome!”


Reaching Out


I knew that, traditionally, most of these guides have ­concentrated on fishing relatively close to home, often casting their first lines less than 10 minutes after leaving the dock.


So I asked Ricky Stanczyk, son of Bud N’ Mary’s owner Capt. Richard Stanczyk, if he had noticed a change in fishing patterns in recent years. The younger Stanczyk also runs a backcountry boat out of the marina.


“Yes, backcountry fishing today, especially here in Islamorada, has changed dramatically from what it was 15 years ago,” he said. “Several factors come into play with these trends, one being the evolution of boats and engines. Guides are using larger boats — bay boats and big skiffs — capable of taking larger groups of people and in a lot more comfort, especially across open Florida Bay and the Gulf of Mexico. Also, four-stroke outboards are very good on fuel, so you can travel much-farther distances more economically.


“Back when my dad first started out, the bonefishing was so good around Islamorada that not many guides fished back in the [Everglades National] Park much. Then, a 20-mile run to Flamingo was considered a long haul. Nowadays, we often run 30 to 40 miles back [into the Everglades],” Stanczyk said.


“I think fishermen themselves have changed a good deal too,” he added. “We see many more novices, and families and friends, who want to catch a variety of fish and have a good time, and aren’t necessarily adamant about catching that dream 15-pound bonefish on fly. Of course, there are still anglers out there who want to catch that one huge trophy bonefish, and there are guides specializing in trophy fishing for bones as well as permit.”


Exhilarating Ride


Wilcox is one of those Islamorada guides who doesn’t ­hesitate to run long distances with his anglers. “Sure, we still fish tarpon around Islamorada in season, and other species too, but these days we regularly run out as far as Sandy Key to fish for both tarpon and sharks, or farther north to Snake Bite, south of Flamingo, for reds and snook, or way out into the Gulf to fish the wrecks for grouper and permit,” Wilcox said. “Depending upon conditions, we sometimes — ­increasingly — run even farther, beyond Cape Sable.”


I didn’t have to think twice about Wilcox’s suggestion that breezy morning, and soon our two boats slipped quietly out of Bud N’ Mary’s and under the low U.S. Route 1 bridge just as the sun started to lighten the horizon out behind us, beyond Alligator Light. Using the numerous shallow banks to provide as much of a lee as possible from the strong winds, we made surprisingly swift progress north to the Cape Canal, then continued through Whitewater Bay and on up into Ponce De Leon Bay. The journey was an exhilarating one. When it comes to blowing away the morning cobwebs, there’s nothing quite like a high-speed ride aboard an open boat; if anything, a long ride to fish a new area only helps build the excitement and anticipation of the day ahead.


From there, we emerged into the open Gulf, then ran even farther north to enter Everglades National Park through a narrow creek mouth that had been invisible until we were all but upon it.


Rise of the Reds

 

redfish
The author fishes the world, but says he’d be hard-pressed to find a better fishery than shallow-water reds offer.

But anglers now report that snook are clearly on the rebound after the devastating fish kill in the cold snap of January 2010. Also, since the freeze, redfish numbers have really surged.


“There are a few things we think have helped the redfish population,” Stanczyk said. “One is a healthy respect among anglers for the species — especially here in Islamorada, where we treat them as game fish, and rarely as table fare. Redfish were one of the game-fish species during the freeze of 2010 able to survive in the 50-degree water.


“After that, without numbers of snook and tarpon, they had these waters mostly to themselves and were likely able to populate undisturbed by predation for a while.


“Also, years ago, many redfish were raised in hatcheries and released in various areas of the state. We’re also likely seeing the effects from this now. Finally, there has been some good work done by the Park Service to protect areas of the flats and vital habitat in the backcountry, establishing no-motor zones, idle-wake zones and so on.”