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April 11, 2011

Mid-Atlantic Cobia Run

Tips on fishing for the cobia that crowd Mid-Atlantic shorelines each summer

After hours perched on the bow of my 20-foot center-console under a scorching sun, my brain had baked like a potpie. My vision blurred and my skin was burnt to a crisp.

As we slowly motored around the ocean, the calm, green water and the clear, blue sky melted into one stifling-hot expanse of emptiness. So when I spotted a long, brown fish swimming just under the surface, I shook my head and blinked my eyes. A second look confirmed the sighting.

"COBIA! COBIA! COBIA!" I yelled to my brother, Roger, who was at the helm.

He whispered: "Where? Where? Where?" as if his voice would spook the fish we had been searching for all day.

I pointed at the brown bomber and hollered again: "COBIA! COBIA! COBIA!"

Southern Start
The mid-Atlantic cobia craze started a dozen years ago off North Carolina's Outer Banks; local captain Aaron Kelly (252-441-6575, ­ was one of the first skippers to make sight-casting his business. Late last May, I joined Kelly for a day on the water and a lesson on sight-casting. We met at Oregon Inlet Fishing Center late in the morning; Kelly was carrying a handful of heavy spinning rods and a bucketful of slithering live eels. A few minutes later, his crew of three sharpshooters arrived. We boarded Kelly's 27-foot center-console, and left the marina under bright skies and light winds.

Once out in the open Atlantic, Kelly climbed his three-story tower and strapped into the crow's nest. Without electronics in the tower, Kelly armed himself with a laser-guided temperature gun in one hand and a big spinning rod in the other. He instructed one of the crew to point the boat south and give it gas.

As we passed Pea Island and Rodanthe Village, Kelly called off water-temperature readings: 65, 66, 67 degrees. When the water hit 68, we slowed and started looking for signs of fish. Kelly says cobia prefer water between 68 and 73.5 degrees. He looks for fish from the mouth of Oregon Inlet to Diamond Shoals and from the surf line out to Whimble Shoals. Wrecks, reefs, tide lines, and even big rays and turtles can all host cobia, but most times the fish cruise out in the open.

We weaved our way south within a few miles of the beach, all eyes scanning the surface, while Kelly continued to test the water temperature. By the time we had worked our way to the iconic candy-striped Hatteras Lighthouse, the ocean was crystal clear and 72 degrees.

"There's one," Kelly yelled from his crow's nest. A few seconds passed before my eyes found the big brown fish, which was 50 yards off and steadily moving toward the boat. The driver took the single diesel out of gear. The angler on the bow made a perfect cast that landed his bucktail right in front of the fish.

But the cobia spooked and my hopes dashed, until Kelly yelled, "There he is!" and pointed to the fish, which was now hiding on the bottom about 20 feet below. "Drop your bucktail and jig it," Kelly commanded. The guy with the rod opened the bail and let the bucktail fall. We watched the bright-orange lure descend until it was lying next to what looked like a heavy log. The log shot forward and the angler's line came tight. "That's how it's done!" Kelly yelled.

After we landed the fish and everyone had climbed back onto the tower, Kelly described to me exactly how it is done.

Irresistible Attraction
"Boat speed is critical," he started, explaining that every boat's engine makes different sounds and sends out different vibrations at different speeds. Each captain must experiment to find what works with his boat. "Get the pitch of the motor right, and they will come to you."

If the fish isn't on a collision course, Kelly turns to ­intercept it at an angle. "The worst thing is to T-bone one," he said. "Don't take the engine out of gear or change speed."

Kelly keeps one angler ready with a live eel and another with a bucktail. When the boat passes within 25 yards of the fish, he instructs his first angler to cast. "I start with the eel, then follow up with a bucktail," he said. If a cobia doesn't react to those first casts, Kelly shows the fish something different. "You can throw a spot at them," he said, "or a croaker, bluefish, mullet - I've even caught cobia on an oyster toad."

After a cobia takes the bait. Kelly immediately motors away from the fish. "You've got to set the hook and keep tension on the fish," he explained. "A lot of guys try to fight fish from a dead boat."

If a cobia spooks, Kelly keeps his eyes open. "A lot of times the fish will pop up again heading in the same direction. Keep an eye out the back of the boat too. A lot of times they'll sneak up behind you."

For Kelly, perfect cobia conditions include the ­presence of bait, decent water clarity and light current. "Find a temperature break or an area of dead current around Cape Point [off Cape Hatteras]," he said, "and you'll find fish." The perfect cobia day would also feature a 10 to 15 mph southwest wind. "That puts the wind and current in the same direction, which pushes fish to the surface."

Even on a less-than-perfect day, Kelly can still catch cobia. "We've had days when we caught 30 fish in the wind and rain," he said. When the sky is overcast, he'll throw out a block of menhaden chum and wait for the fish to come to him.

Kelly chases cobia from early May through the middle of September, but by June, most of the fish have moved to Chesapeake Bay. That's where I picked up the chase in early June with Capt. Ben Shepard (757-621-5094, ­, one of the first skippers to bring sight-casting to Virginia.

Traditionally, the state's anglers anchored to chum for cobia, which attracts everything from car-hood rays to scrappy sharks. But several years ago, Shepard learned the sight-fishing technique in Florida and unleashed it at home.

Virgin Waters
cobia"We'll meet at 10 o'clock," Shepard told me over the phone. "What time?" I asked incredulously. "Ten," he repeated, "no hurry." I agreed but still arrived early to Bubba's Marina in Virginia Beach. Shepard and his buddy Jason Legg already had Shepard's bay boat in the water and ready to go. By the time we left Lynnhaven Inlet, the sun was high and the air still and hot: perfect conditions for spotting cobia.

We didn't run far. Shepard headed toward Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel, the 17-mile-long span that crosses the mouth of bay, and continued up Thimble Shoal toward Norfolk. About a mile north of the bridge, we stopped in the middle of nowhere and started looking for brown suits. We didn't look long.

"Cobia," Shepard announced. I searched the water with my inferior eyes and finally saw the fish cruising 50 yards off the bow.

Anxious, I prepared to throw a live eel with a spinning rod. Shepard stopped me. "That's just a little fish," he said. "Use this." He handed me a lighter rod with a ounce plain, yellow bucktail jig.

The rod's whippy tip allowed me to land the light lure close enough to get the small cobia's attention. I retrieved the small jig across the surface, and the cobia went absolutely nuts - turning, swiping, slashing and annihilating the little lure.

After we landed and released the 30-pound fish, Shepard explained that he'd caught cobia of all sizes on the small, yellow jig. "I don't know what they think it is," he admitted, "but cobia can't stand that thing."